Hypoglycemia is a disorder of the central nervous system caused by low blood sugar. It occurs mostly in toy breeds but can occur in larger breeds as well. Hypoglycemia can occur without warning when a puppy goes to a new home, misses a meal, becomes chilled or overtired from too much handling or playing. Signs are depression, weakness, being wobbly or jerky (the head appears to be tilted to either side and the neck appears stiff and the body may soon appear the same way and teeth may be clamped tightly), convulsions, seizures or coma which can result in death. The gums will appear white or gray instead of pink. All though you may want to show your puppy off to everyone you know, remember it is only a puppy and needs its rest too.

TREATMENT: The  blood levels of glucose must be restored IMMEDIATELY! DO NOT HESITATE. YOUR PUPPY'S LIFE IS AT RISK If the puppy is conscious, give it a little karo syrup (light) under its tongue, or rub it on its gums. Do not pour excessive amounts into the mouth of the puppy as the puppy could easily choke or aspirate liquid into its lungs. You can pour karo syrup into warm water and dissolve it and put it in puppy's mouth with an eye dropper or syringe. If you don't have karo syrup on hand then use sugar and dissolve in water and administer with eye dropper or syringe. Honey also works well if you have that on hand. Nutri-cal is a excellent supplement that should be given  to a puppy for stress and will help prevent a hypoglycemic attack. If you have that on hand (your vet and most pet supply stores carry it) then give the puppy some either by dissolving it in water or rubbing directly on the gums. If the puppy will still lick, it may lick it off your finger or from the tube. Just remember that if you have to take the puppy to the vet, that a blood count will be higher due to the administering of a glucose. Don't be fooled with the numbers, the puppy is still under extreme stress and needs to be kept calm, warm and fed several small meals to stabilize the puppy, plus given karo or some other source of glucose/dextrose until the puppy is completely back on its feet. Your vet may have to administer dextrose intravenously in order to save your puppy's life. Do not waste any time if you feel your puppy has any symptoms of hypoglycemia. You can loose a puppy, and it is totally unnecessary if the puppy is given any of the suggestions above. Remember this is a baby and needs to be treated as such.

PREVENTION:  Feed your puppy several small meals a day. Use a high quality food. The breeder you bought your puppy from should have suggested some food choices or given you what the puppy was eating when you got it. The puppy should  have a dry kibble available to it at all times, and given a moist food at least 3 to 4 times a day so you can monitor what the puppy is eating. Yorkies are small dogs and will not eat like a large breed puppy but you should see the puppy eat enough that you know it has eaten what it can. Yorkies have a habit of picking at the kibble so it is essential that a moist food be fed until you know that the puppy is not under any immediate stress and can sustain on only a kibble. It doesn't hurt to give your adult an occasional can or cooked chicken etc. You have to watch your dogs coat and weight and teeth.


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